History of Wix

church - exterior
St Mary the Virgin's Church, Wix.
© Copyright Peter Stack contributor to the Geograph Project and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

History of Wix >> White's Directory 1848

White's Directory of Essex 1848

WIX, or Wicks, a parish of 808 souls, and 3043 acres of fertile land, has two small neighbouring villages, called Wix Cross and Wix Green, 5 miles North East by East of Manningtree; and several scattered houses. It has a fair on the 18th of September.

The manor of Wix or Park Hall belonged to Queen Edeva, in the Confessor's reign, and to Walter the Deacon, at the Domesday Survey. This Walter was ancestor of the noble family of Hastings, from whom the manor passed to the Bohun, Stafford, Merick, Philipson, and other families. It is now held by E. W. Garland, Esq., but a great part of the soil belongs to Sir J. R. Rowley, Bart., Lady Bellew, M. Constable, E. Norman, E. T. Burk, I. Everett, N. Cutting, A. Runnacles, C. Grant, and a few smaller owners.

On the Abbey farm, belonging to C. Grant, Esq., was a Nunnery, in a field where some remains of the moats which surrounded it may still be traced. It was of the Benedictine order, and was founded in the reign of Henry I., by the sons and daughter of Walter the Deacon. In 1525, it was given to Cardinal Wolsey, towards the endowment of his intended Colleges at Oxford and Ipswich, but on his fall, in 1528, it reverted to the Crown, and was granted in 1530, to Sir Adam Fortescue.

The ancient Church (St. Mary the Virgin) was given to the nunnery by the founders, after being long in a ruinous and neglected state, the greater part of it fell down in the early part of the last century. What now remains is only the aisle, which was repaired and fitted up for divine service about 1740. The perpetual curacy, worth only £150 per annum, is in the patronage and incumbency of the Rev. Geo. Wilkins. It was augmented in 1719 with £400 by subscription and Queen Anne's Bounty. The great tithes belong to the principal land owners, and have been commuted for £840 per annum. The National School was built in 1843, and has about 50 scholars.

For teaching seven poor children of this parish, the schoolmistress receives £5 a year out of Clays farm, left by Robert Clark in 1731. Here is a small Wesleyan Chapel and School, built by subscription in 1842, on land given by Mr. Thomas Nicholson.

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Wix - Cary's New and Correct English Atlas, 1798

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Wix - First Series Ordnance Survey Map 1805

This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence BY-SA-4.0

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