History of South Weald

South Weald © Copyright The Francis Frith Collection 2005. http://www.frithphotos.com
Weald Hall, South Weald, 1904
Reproduced courtesy of The Francis Frith Collection.

History of South Weald >> White's Directory 1848

White's Directory of Essex 1848

SOUTH WEALD PARISH comprises the two townships of South Weald and Brentwood, the former of which contains 4654A.2R.37P. of land and 1450 inhabitants; and the latter 2362 inhabitants, but only 460A.3R.25P. of land.

Brentwood, commonly called a chapelry and hamlet, is an improving market town, with a station on the Eastern Counties Railway.

SOUTH WEALD has a pleasant village of that name adjoining the park of Weald Hall, 1½ mile West South West of Brentwood, and includes the larger village of BROOK STREET, in the London road, one mile West South West of Brentwood; and many scattered houses at Weald-Side, Coxtye or Cockshall Green, Pilgrim's Hatch, and other parts of its extensive township, which is bounded on the west by the Ingerbourn rivulet, and watered by several smaller streams.

C.T. Tower, Esq., of Weald Hall, owns the great part of the parish, and is lord of the manors of South Weald, (3296A.,) Calcot or Caldecot, (376A.,) and Costed Hall or Brentwood. (656A.)

Dias Santos, Esq., is lord of the manor of Bawdes or Dousels, (412A.;) Frederick H. Hirst, Esq., is lord of the manor of Ropers, (84A.;) and Lord Petre is lord of the manor of Tillingham Hall, which has 289A. in this parish, but is mostly in Childerditch parish.

The manor of Bawdes estends into the parish of Kelvedon Hatch, Doddinghurst, and Shenfield, and forms a separate constablewick. called Doddinghurst List.

Before the Norman Survey, most of the parish belonged to Waltham Abbey. It was afterwards divided into the above-named manors, which were held by the Tuke, Browne, Frith, Leech, Roper, Hall, Wright, Wheatley, and other families.

WEALD HALL, the seat of C.T. Tower, Esq.. is a large and elegant mansion, in an extensive and richly wooded park, in which are beautiful gardens and pleasure grounds, a flock of Cashmere goats, and an ornamental tower, commanding extensive prospects.

The hall has six fine Ionic columns in the centre of the principal front, and is chiefly of modern erection, with part of the ancient building modernised. It was purchased with the estate by the late Thomas Tower, Esq., about 1760, of the heirs of Lucy Barry, who married the eldest son of Edward, Earl of Derby. It had previously been the seat of the Smiths who greatly improved the house and grounds.

How Hatch, a neat brick mansion in a small park, is the seat and property of the Rev. William Tower, and near it is another seat called Rochets, belonging to Miss Jarvis, but occupied by Mrs. F. Hills.

Luptons is the seat of E.V. Ind, Esq., and Mascalls, near Brook 8treet, is the seat of G.S. Collyer, Esq. Boyles or Bowells, a seat and estate, near Brook Street, formerly belonging to Blackmore Priory, and afterwards to the Tukes and other families, is now the property and residence of J.S. Lescher, Esq., who has a valuable museum of antiquities, warks of art, etc.

Wesbury Lodge, a neat Gothic mansion, is occupied by H. Dearsley, Esq., and Great Ropera, a large brick mansion on an eminence, in woody lawn, is the pleasant seat of F.H. Hirst, Esq. Many smaller proprietors have estates in the parish.

Near Weald Hall is a chalybeate spring, to which the public are allowed free access, and near the park are traces of a single-ditched circular camp.

church - exterior
St Peter's Church, South Weald.
© Copyright John Salmon contributor to the Geograph Project and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

The CHURCH (St. Peter,) is a handsome building on an eminence, and its lofty and massive stone tower, which contains five bells, is seen at a great distance. The tower was built in the reign of Henry VII.. but the nave and chancel are much older.

In the latter are many monumental memorials of the Browne, Wright, Gittens, Smith, and other families and one in memory of Rear Admiral Tower, who died in 1837.

The rectory was given with the manor to Waltham Abbey, and is now in the impropriation of C.T. Tower. Esq. The vicarage, valued in K.B. at £26.13s.4d., and is now at £653, is in the patronage of the Bishop of London, and incumbency of the Rev. C.A. Belli, M.A., who has a good residence, and 14A. of glebe. The tithes were commuted in 1839.

A Hospital for lepers was founded in Brook Street by the Bruyn family, and the estate is still known as the Spital. There are five Almshouses in the village of South Weald, founded by Sir Anthony Browne.

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South Weald - Cary's New and Correct English Atlas, 1798

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South Weald - First Series Ordnance Survey Map 1805

This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence BY-SA-4.0

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