History of Runwell

church - exterior
St Mary's Church, Runwell.
© Copyright John Salmon contributor to the Geograph Project and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

History of Runwell >> White's Directory 1848

White's Directory of Essex 1848

RUNWELL, a scattered village and parish on the north side of the vale of the Crouch, 4½ miles North West of Rayleigh, and 10 miles South East by South of Chelmsford, containing 324 soul, and 2,059A.OR.3P. of land, chiefly a clayey loam, and extending in gentle slopes two miles north from the river, to which it adds a tributary stream.

Thomas Kemble, Esq., is lord of the manor, and owner of most of the soil, and has a pleasant seat here, called New Runwell Hall, the old hall being now a farm house.

This manor was given by King Alhelstan, to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, London. In 1653, Lord Clinton granted it to Sir John Gates; and it afterwards passed to the Tongue, White and Rogers families.

At the north end of the parish are some remains of an ancient manor house, called Flemyngs, which was a seat of the Flemyng family, in the 14th and 15th centuries, and was a very extensive mansion, but the chief part was pulled down many years ago, or destroyed by a fire, which is said to have demolished thirty rooms, and a large chapel.

Before this accident, it contained above 50 spacious apartments. It had an extensive park and a large warren.

Fragments of coffins sand human bones have frequently been thrown up by the plough, near the site of the chapel.

From the Flemyngs, this estate passed to the Sulyards, who held it till 1540; and it afterwards passed to the Garney, Wright, Holt, and other families.

The Church (St. Mary,) is a venerable fabric in the perpendicular style, consisting of a brick nave, chancel, and north aisle, and stone tower, containing four bells, and crowned by z shingled spire. Part of the ancient wooden screen remains, and in the aisle, is a mural monument, with the effigies of Eustace Sulyard and his wife, cut in brass.

In the chancel, is a grey marble monument, in memory of Edward Sulyard, the last of his family, who died in 1692.

The rectory, valued in K.B, at £13, and in 1831, at £480, is in the patronage and incumbency of the Rev. Thomas Knox, M.A. The glebe is about 20A. and the tithes were commuted in 1845, for £556 per annum.

The Rectory Housee is a handsome new building, with tasteful pleasure grounds.

The parish is mostly freehold, and a great part of it is occupied by the farmers of the surrounding parishes. William Cleeve, James Sneezum, and Henry Tilbury, have land here.

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Runwell - Cary's New and Correct English Atlas, 1798

Runwell - First Series Ordnance Survey Map 1805

This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence BY-SA-4.0

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