History of North Weald Bassett

North Weald © Copyright The Francis Frith Collection 2005. http://www.francisfrith.com
Talbot Hotel, North Weald, c.1965
Reproduced courtesy of The Francis Frith Collection.

History of North Weald Bassett >> White's Directory 1848

White's Directory of Essex 1848

NORTH WEALD BASSETT is a scattered village, partly called Weald Gullet, and situated from 2½ to 3½ miles North East of Epping.

Its parish contains 886 inhabitants, and about 3000 acres of land, including a common of 300 acres, and the hamlets of Haslingwood and Thornwood, which are in Harlow Hundred, more than a mile West of the church, and contain nearly one half of the parish and its population; Thornwood having 293,and Haslingwood 134 inhabitants.

The parish was called North Weald from its proximity to the northern woods of Epping Forest, and had the latter part of its name from its ancient owners, the Bassett, or Basset family.

Lady Puller is now lady of the manor, and owner of a great part of the parish, but here are two small manors, called Cawnes and Marshalls, the former belonging to Merton College, Oxford; and the latter to J. A. Houblon, Esq.

Other estates, called Paris, Wheelers, etc., belong to the Rev. Fiske Vane, Jas. Ewing, Esq., and a few smaller owners. The copyholds are subject to arbitrary fines.

Weald Hall, now a farm-house, had formerly a free chapel and a large park. The site of the latter is still called Park Fields.

In the reign of Henry II., the manor of North Weald belonged to Henry de Essex, whose grandson gave it to Philip Basset, with whose daughter it passed in marriage to the Despensers. It was afterwards held by the Plantaganets, Montacute, Nevill, Rich, and Cheke families.

church - exterior
St Andrew's Church, North Weald.
© Copyright John Salmon contributor to the Geograph Project and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

The Church (St. Andrew,) is a small ancient building, with a high brick tower, containing six bells. It has a chancel, nave, and south aisle, and, at the end of the latter is a small chapel.

On a tombstone are some well-executed brasses, on which are engraved effigies of Walter Larder and his lady, with their three sons and two daughters, who died in the 17th century.

The church was appropriated by Cicely de Essex to Clarkenwell Priory, in London.

The vicarage, valued in K. B. at £13.6s.8d., and in 1831 at £380, is in the alternate patronage of the Bishop of London and John Barnes, Esq., and incumbency of the Rev. Hy. Cockerell, M.A., who has 11A. of glebe, and a handsome residence, in the Elizabethan style, built in 1829, at the cost of about £2000.

Lady Puller is impropriator of the rectory, which has 24A. of glebe. The tithes where commuted in 1842, the rectorial for £431.10s., and the vicarial for £451.10s.

Here is an Independent Chapel, built in 1826.

Simon Thorogood, about 1650, left £50 towards building the school, which he endowed with a yearly rent of £10 out of an estate called Hartgraves, in Barking.

The schoolmaster occupies the school-house rent free, and he and his wife teach reading gratuitously to 20 boys and 20 girls. They are now taught with the children of the National School.

In 1809, Anna Manning Burrell left £400, now £372.15s. new 3½ per cents., and directed the dividends to be given yearly, in equal shares, to four poor aged widows of this parish, by the vicar and churchwardens.

The value of 36 bushels of barley is distributed annually among the poor parishioners, as a charge on 6A. of land belonging to the impropriate rectory. This charity is supposed to have been give by a Dr. Searle.

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North Weald Bassett - Cary's New and Correct English Atlas, 1798

North Weald Bassett - First Series Ordnance Survey Map 1805

This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence BY-SA-4.0

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