History of Layer de la Haye

St. John the Baptist Church - exterior
St. John the Baptist Church, Layer de la Haye.
© Copyright Robert Edwards contributor to the Geograph Project and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

History of Layer de la Haye >> White's Directory 1848

White's Directory of Essex 1848

LAYER-DE-LA-HAY is a pleasant village, on a commanding eminence, overlooking the small river Roman and one of its tributary streams, 4½ miles South East of Colchester, and 7 miles East of Kelvedon.

It has a fair for toys and pedlery, on the 15th of May; and its parish contains 731 inhabitants, and 2577 acres of land, including the heath and roads. Two-thirds of the soil is a strong wet loam, and the rest is light turnip land.

It is in three manors, viz., Blind-Knights and Rye, of which Sir G.H. Smyth, Bart., is lord; and Layer-de-la-Hay, which belongs to C.G. Round, Esq.; but John Pearson, Esq., and several smaller owners, have estates here, both free and copyhold.

The de la Haye family held the latter manor in the 12th and 13th centuries, and it afterwards passed to the Montchensy, Tey, Bettenson, and Burgoine families.

The manor of Rye was given by John de Rye to St. John's Abbey, Colchester; and Blind-Knights was given, with the rectory, to St. Botolph's Priory, Colchester, by one of the Montforts. Tradition says it was originally given for the support of a fraternity of knights, who had lost their eyes in the crusades.

The Church is a plain building, with a stone tower containing five bells. In the chancel is a tomb, with effigies of Thomas Tey and his wife, who died in 1500. The arms of Tey are in the east window.

Some houses on the road, where there used to be an ancient cross, still retain the name of Layer Cross.

The benefice is a perpetual curacy, valued in K.B. at £12, and in 1831 at £82. It is in the incumbency of the Rev. John H. Dewhurst, M.A., and patronage of Sir G.H. Smyth, Bart. John Pearson, Esq., holds the great tithes, which have been commuted for £536 per annum.

A handsome new parsonage house has lately been erected, on land enclosed from the heath, and tastefully planted with shrubs, etc.

Here is a National School, supported by subscription, and also a small Independent Chapel.

Back to History of Layer de la Haye

my ancestors logo

My Ancestors.

Are your ancestors from Layer de la Haye? Why not tell us their story: My Layer de la Haye Ancestors.

Find your Ancestors in the Newspapers

newspaper
Essex Standard Newspaper

Newspaper archives are now a very important source of information for researching your family tree.

Try our example search to help you discover if your ancestors are in the British Newspaper Archive.

Help me find my ancestors

map
Layer de la Haye - Cary's New and Correct English Atlas, 1798

map
Layer de la Haye - First Series Ordnance Survey Map 1805

This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence BY-SA-4.0

Looking for an unusual Christmas Present?

Why not buy a DNA kit for a family member?

Let them discover the story of their ancestors.

The kit is delivered to their door. Now discounted to £63 on Ancestry

Learn more at Ancestry DNA.

Looking for pictures to add to your family tree album?

Southminster

Ebay is a good source of old images of Essex towns and villages. If you're looking for pictures to add to your family tree album, then try one of the auctions, or there are several 'Buy It Now' shops offering postcards which have been touched up and improved - so if you're unsure about bidding, try these. Link already formatted for Essex Postcards. Browse through or type the name of the location in the Ebay search box.