History of Epping

Epping © Copyright The Francis Frith Collection 2005. http://www.francisfrith.com
High Street, Epping, 1921
Reproduced courtesy of The Francis Frith Collection.

History of Epping >> White's Directory 1848

White's Directory of Essex 1848

Part 2 Part 1 >>

Near Copped Hall Park, on the south-east side, are traces of an ancient camp, called Ambreys, or Ambersbury Banks, and supposeed to be of British origin. This entrenchment is now overgrown with old oak and hornbeams. It was formerly in the heart of the forest, and there was no road near to it till the present turnpike from London to Epping was made. This road passes within a hundred yards of it, but is obscured from view by the wood that covers it. Its figure is irregular, and the area contains nearly 12 acres, encompassed a ditch and high bank, much worn down by time.

EPPING FOREST, formerly called Waltham Forest, and in more remote ages, the Forest of Essex, comprises about 60,000 acres in this and the adjacent Hundreds of Becontree and Ongar, but the greater part of it has been grubbed up, and the land cultivated, or left in large open commons, at various periods. It is under the jurisdiction of the Commissioners of the Crown Woods and Forest.

Four verderers, or forest keepers, are appointed by the freeholders: but the title of Lord Warden of the Forest is hereditary in the family of the Earl of Mornington. The forest rights are as various as the tenures of the different manors that surround it.

A few miles to the east, in Barking and other parishes, is Hainault Forest, where the celebrated Fairlop fair is held.

West of the town, in the three adjoining parishes of Theydon Garnon, Bois, and Mount, and in Ongar Hundred, are the handsome seats of Coopersale House, Park Hall, Hill Hall, Theydon House, the Grove, etc.

All Saints Church - exterior
All Saints Church, Epping Upland
© Copyright Catherine Edwards contributor to the Geograph Project and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

Epping Parish Church (All Saints,) stands in the Upland, about two miles North West of the town, on a commanding eminence. It is an ancient structure, with a brick tower, containing five bells. The nave is disproportionately long, and is paved with Purbeck stone; but the chancel is paved with Portland stone, except within the communion rails, where the flags are of white marble.

The church has several handsome monuments of ancient and modern dates, and was appropriated to Waltham Abbey till the dissolution.

The vicarage, valued in K.B. at £17.13s.4d., and in 1831 at £729, is in the incumbency of the Rev. H.L. Neave, M.A., and patronage of Henry J. Conyers, Esq., who is also impropriator of the rectory and lord of the manor. The vicar has a good residence in the Uplands, and the tithes were commuted in 1841, the vicarial for £800, and the rectorial for £400. The parish is in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Court of the Commissary of London, concurrently with the Episcopal Consistorial Court.

Epping © Copyright The Francis Frith Collection 2005. http://www.francisfrith.com
St John the Baptist Church, High Street, Epping, 1921
Reproduced courtesy of The Francis Frith Collection.

ST. JOHN'S CHURCH, or the free chapel of Epping, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, which stands near the entrance to the town from the London road, was an ancient structure, founded by the Abbot and Monks of Waltham, but was rebuilt in a plain Gothic style in 1833.

It was vested in trustees for public use in 1573, and the trust has been from time to time renewed. The Trustees have about £2000 new South Sea Annuities, called the chapel stock, and they are about to take down the present church, and to erect a larger one on or near the same site. The living is a perpetual curacy, now valued at £120, and in the patronage of the Trustees, and incumbency of the Rev. Richard Sale, M.A.

In the town is an Independent Chapel, rebuilt in 1770, and a Friends' Meeting House, founded in 1670.

Here are also large National and British Schools, several respectable Boarding Schools, and various Charities for the poor.

There is small Independent Chapel, at Epping Green, built in 1834.

End Part 2 Part 1 >>

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Epping - Cary's New and Correct English Atlas, 1798

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Epping - First Series Ordnance Survey Map 1805

This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence BY-SA-4.0

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