History of Elsenham

Elsenham © Copyright The Francis Frith Collection 2005. http://www.frithphotos.com
Elsenham Hall, Elsenham, c.1965
Reproduced courtesy of The Francis Frith Collection.

History of Elsenham >> White's Directory 1848

White's Directory of Essex 1848

ELSENHAM, a pleasant village, 7 miles North West by West of Dunmow, is about a mile east of the North Eastern Railway, on which it has a station.

Its parish contains 491 souls, and 1825 acres of land, mostly the property of George Rush, Esq., the lord of the manor, who resides at the Hall, a large brick mansion, with embattled walls and tasteful grounds.

At Domesday Survey, the parish was held by Robert Gernon and John Waleram; and it afterwards passed to the Barley, Adams, Dawkins, Heath, and other families. J.B. Daubuz and several smaller owners have estates here, mostly copyhold, subject to arbitrary fines.

St. Mary's Church - exterior
St. Mary's Church, Elsenham
© Copyright Robert Edwards contributor to the Geograph Project and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

The Church (St. Mary,) is an ancient structure, with an embattled tower, containing four bells, and crowned by a slender spire. The entrance is under a semi-circular arch, with plain and reticulated Saxon mouldings, and supported by massive pillars, covered with indented mouldings, and having capitals rudely formed and of very antique appearance. In 1070, this church was appropriated to Caen Abbey, in Normandy, by John Waleram.

The rectory, which is a manor, was granted by Henry VIII. to Thomas Lord Andley, and was sold about the time of the Restoration to William Canning, Esq., an ancestor of the Rev. Thomas Canning, M.A., the present impropriator of the rectory, and patron and incumbent of the vicarage, valued in K.B. at £11, and in 1831 at £122. The glebe is 38A.lR.32P., and the parsonage is a commodious brick mansion, with pleasant grounds. The tithes were commuted in 1839, the rectorial for £413, and the vicarial for £152.4s.11d. per annum.

In 1656, John Wells left three cottages and an orchard in trust, that the rents should be distributed by the churchwardens in cloth among the poor parishioners. This property is now let for £9 a year.

In 1756, Thomas Rayner left £30 to be applied in schooling poor children, but no interest has been paid since 1809, and the principal is supposed to be lost.

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Elsenham - Cary's New and Correct English Atlas, 1798

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Elsenham - First Series Ordnance Survey Map 1805

This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence BY-SA-4.0

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