History of Ardleigh

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Ardleigh
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History of Ardleigh >> White's Directory 1848

White's Directory of Essex 1848

Ardleigh © Copyright Footstepsphotos 2006. http://www.footstepsphotos.co.uk/index.html
Ardleigh
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ARDLEIGH, a pleasant village on the Colchester and Manningtree road, 5 miles North East of the former, and 4 miles South West of the latter town, has a Station, with a large yard for coal, lime, etc., on the Eastern Union Railway, near which an extensive steam corn-mill has been erected.

About 3½ miles of this railway are in the parish of Ardleigh, which contains many scattered farm-houses, 1605 inhabitants, and 5045 acres of land.

The soil is mostly a fertile sandy loam, on gravel; and about 1½ West of the church is Ardleigh Wic farm, and the Crown Inn, near the sources of a rivulet which flows southward to the Colne. A fair for toys and pedlery, is held in the village on Sept. 29th.

The parish has been variously spelt Ardlee, Erdelega, Hardley etc., and belonged to six freemen in the Confessor's reign; and at the Conquest, to four Normans.

It is partly free, and partly copyhold; and the following are the names and lords of the four manors, viz., Picotts, Edw. Reeve, Esq., Bovills, Wm. S. Lamb, Esq., Martell's Hall, Lord Ashburton; and Mose Hall, belonging to the heirs of the late Mrs. Garland.

A great part of the soil belongs to the other proprietors, among whom Wm. Webb, J. W. E. Green, C. G. Round, Wm. Austin, and T. Catchpool, Esqs., and Messrs. J. Eagle, T. Bromley, D. and S. Cooper, and J. Whitaker, are the principal.

Badley Hall, an estate about a mile South East of the village, has been called a manor, and was formerly held by the Gilberd, Harris, and Lugar families. Ardleigh Park is the seat of J. P. Osborne, Esq.

St. Mary's Church, Ardleigh © Copyright Footstepsphotos 2006. http://www.footstepsphotos.co.uk/index.html
St. Mary's Church, Ardleigh
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The Church (Virgin Mary,) is a handsome structure, which was rebuilt some years ago, of brick and flint, with stone dressings, on a smaller scale than the original fabric. The interior is neatly fitted up, and in the tower are six musical bells.

In the reign of King Stephen, Robt. de Ramis gave the rectory and advowson to St. John's Abbey, Colchester, but the former was soon after given to the Archdeacon of Colchester.

The vicarage, valued in K.B. at £11.0s.10d., and in 1831 at £262, is in the patronage of the Lord Chancellor, and incumbency of the Rev. Hy. Bishop, M.A. who has a good residence, and 7A. 2R. 28P. of glebe. The rectory-house, with 27A. of glebe, and the great tithes are held on lease, under the Archdeacon, by Wm. Webb, Esq. The tithes have been commuted, the rectorial for £1360, and the vicarial for £325 per annum.

A National School is about to be erected, and there is in the village a neat Wesleyan Chapel.

The parish sends about twelve free scholars to Dedham Grammar School, and the poor have £2.10s. yearly from Love's Charity, as noticed with Aldham.

Nathaniel Winder, a respectable old farmer in this parish, died in March 1847, aged 96 years.

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Ardleigh - Cary's New and Correct English Atlas, 1798

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Ardleigh - First Series Ordnance Survey Map 1805

This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence BY-SA-4.0

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