History of Kelvedon Hatch >> Tithe map
Before 1837 tithes were a system of parish tax where a tenth part of income earned from the production of produce, stock, wood and labour went towards the upkeep of the incumbent of the parish church. The produce was often stored in tithe barns.
Under the Tithe Commutation Act, 1836, tithes could be commuted to a rent charge. Commissioners were appointed who negotiated with landowners in the parishes and drew up detailed parish maps and schedules of landowners, occupiers and the rent payable. In the case of Kelvedon Hatch, an agreement was drawn up and dated 9 March, 1837.
The original map and schedule is now held in the Essex Record Office. A copy is held in the church safe.
Tithe Map 1837 showing area around Brizes.Map in the author's ownership. No known copyright restrictions.
Below is part of the schedule. The numbers refer to the plots of land on the original map. The land described as 'allotments' were the remaining parcels of common land which passed into the hands of private landowners. This coincided with the drawing up of the Tithe Map. Following these allotments there followed a certain amount of new building on the old common land areas especially in the south of the parish.
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Go on a guided tour of Kelvedon Hatch, Essex, during the 19th and early 20th centuries. With the help of photographs, newspapers, parish records and census returns, the story of each house is revealed, as are the lives of some of their occupants.
It was a parish of many contrasts: from wealthy land-owners living in grand Georgian mansions with numerous servants, to agricultural workers struggling against poverty in overcrowded and dilapidated cottages. Discover how the landscape changed after the common land was enclosed, and how farmers struggled to cope with the agricultural depression. Find out about the role of the parish in WW1 when it was at the front line of Britain's fight against the Zeppelins. See how the new school was established and functioned, and why a new parish church was built. There are stories of crime, bankruptcy, poverty, scandal, revenge, leisure and migration.
Even if you have never been to Kelvedon Hatch, with the help of detailed maps and photographs, you will find yourself immersed in its history.
128 pages, 11 maps and diagrams, 77 black and white photographs
Published by History House and available in paperback or ebook.
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