History of Kelvedon Hatch >> Tithe map
Before 1837 tithes were a system of parish tax where a tenth part of income earned from the production of produce, stock, wood and labour went towards the upkeep of the incumbent of the parish church. The produce was often stored in tithe barns.
Under the Tithe Commutation Act, 1836, tithes could be commuted to a rent charge. Commissioners were appointed who negotiated with landowners in the parishes and drew up detailed parish maps and schedules of landowners, occupiers and the rent payable. In the case of Kelvedon Hatch, an agreement was drawn up and dated 9 March, 1837.
The original map and schedule is now held in the Essex Record Office. A copy is held in the church safe.
Tithe Map 1837 showing area around Brizes.
Map in the author's ownership. No known copyright restrictions.
Below is part of the schedule. The numbers refer to the plots of land on the original map. The land described as 'allotments' were the remaining parcels of common land which passed into the hands of private landowners. This coincided with the drawing up of the Tithe Map. Following these allotments there followed a certain amount of new building on the old common land areas especially in the south of the parish.
|1.||Langford Bridge Farm||John Francis WRIGHT||Thomas CASE|
|2.||Germans farm||John Francis WRIGHT||John THOMAS|
|3.||Kelvedon Hall & land||John Francis WRIGHT||Rev. Edward LINZEE|
|4.||Pump House Farm||John Francis WRIGHT||James REEVE|
|5.||Land||John WALDEGRAVE||William FROOT|
|6.||Land||John WALDEGRAVE||Henry MOTT|
|7.||Wood||John WALDEGRAVE||In hand|
|8.||Dodds Farm||John Simpson JESSOP||William SIMONS|
|9.||Mansion, Park, etc (Brizes)||Miss Jane DOLBY||In hand|
|10.||Cottages||John Francis WRIGHT|
|11.||Lovelands||Mr James LOVE||Mr James LOVE|
|12.||New allotments||Mr John THOMAS||In hand|
|13.||New allotment||Sarah BARKER|
|14.||New allotment||Samuel GREEN||In hand|
|15.||New allotment||William KING Jnr.||In hand|
|16.||New allotment||Solomon MENTOR||John SMITH|
|17.||Land||Santos Emanual DIAS Esq.||John SMITH|
|18.||New allotment||Santos Emanuel DIAS Esq.|
|19.||House and land||Archer MOSS||Charles GROVES|
|20.||New allotments||Archer MOSS||Charles GROVES|
|21.||Cottages and land||Jeremiah LAGDEN|
|22.||New allotments||Jeremiah LAGDEN|
|23.||House and land||Mr John SMITH||William DUNNINGS|
|24.||New allotments||Mr John SMITH||William DUNNINGS|
|25.||New allotments||Miss Jane DOLBY|
|26.||New allotments||John ROYDS Jnr. Esq.||In hand|
|27.||New allotments||Rev. Edward LINZEE||In hand|
|28.||New allotment||William COOPER||In hand|
|29.||House and garden||Mrs Elizabeth KEATING||In hand|
|30.||House and garden||Mrs Elizabeth KEATING||COLEMAN John|
|31.||New allotments||Mrs Elizabeth KEATING||In hand|
|32.||House and land||John Francis WRIGHT Esq.||John SMITH|
|33.||New allotments||John Francis WRIGHT Esq||In hand|
|34.||Cottage||Miss Jane DOLBY||William COOPER|
|35.||New allotment||Samuel GREEN||In hand|
|36.||Public House||Samuel GREEN|
|37.||Cottages||John Francis WRIGHT Esq.|
|38.||Cottages||Mrs Elizabeth CAPPER|
|39.||New allotment||Mrs Elizabeth CAPPER||In hand|
|40.||New allotment||John Simpson JESSOP|
|41.||Cottages etc.||William KING Snr.|
|42.||New allotments||William KING Snr.|
|43.||Cottages||William KING Snr.|
|44.||House etc.||John HOLDEN||In hand|
|45.||New allotment||John HOLDEN|
|46.||Cottage and garden||Trustees of Geo. SARLING|
|46a.||New allotment||Trustees of Geo. SARLING|
|47.||In Brizes Park||Overseers of Kelvedon Poor||Miss Jane DOLBY|
|47a.||Cottages and land||Overseers of Kelvedon Poor|
|48.||Allotments for spade husbandry||Overseers of Kelvedon Poor|
|49.||House and land||William KING Jnr.||John MARSHALL|
|50.||Cottages and gardens||William KING Jnr.||George BARNES|
|50a||Cottages and garden||William KING Jnr.|
|51.||Mill Cottage land||John Francis WRIGHT Esq.||Richard WOODFINE|
|52.||New allotments||Richard WOODFINE||In hand|
|53.||Kelvedon Hatch Farm||John Francis WRIGHT||Richard LAGDEN|
|54.||Wood||John Francis WRIGHT||In hand|
|55.||Priors Farm||John FANE Esq.||George BLACK Mr.|
|56.||Glebe House and land||Rev. John BANISTER Rector||Rev. John ALDER|
|57.||Glebe land||Rev. John BANISTER Rector||John SMITH|
|58.||Part of Little Myles's||John FANE Esq.||James REEVE|
|59.||Little Myles's||John FANE Esq.||William BAKER|
|60.||Great Myles's||John FANE Esq.||Alexander GORDON|
|61.||Clap Gate Farm (part of)||John FANE Esq.||Henry ROBINSON|
|62.||Woods||John FANE Esq.||In hand|
|63.||Land||Ann MYERS Mrs||KESTERMAN Capt.|
|64.||Adjoining Littlebury Mill||WAITT Mr|
Back to History of Kelvedon Hatch
Are your ancestors from this Kelvedon Hatch? Why not tell us their story:
Go on a guided tour of Kelvedon Hatch, Essex, during the 19th and early 20th centuries. With the help of photographs, newspapers, parish records and census returns, the story of each house is revealed, as are the lives of some of their occupants.
It was a parish of many contrasts: from wealthy land-owners living in grand Georgian mansions with numerous servants, to agricultural workers struggling against poverty in overcrowded and dilapidated cottages. Discover how the landscape changed after the common land was enclosed, and how farmers struggled to cope with the agricultural depression. Find out about the role of the parish in WW1 when it was at the front line of Britain's fight against the Zeppelins. See how the new school was established and functioned, and why a new parish church was built. There are stories of crime, bankruptcy, poverty, scandal, revenge, leisure and migration.
Even if you have never been to Kelvedon Hatch, with the help of detailed maps and photographs, you will find yourself immersed in its history.
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