History of Kelvedon Hatch

History of Kelvedon Hatch >> Trade Directories

Trade Directories

For more information on trade directories: what they contain and how they were compliled, see the article Trade Directories

1848 White's Directory

KELVEDON HATCH is a scattered village, mostly on a green or common, from 2½ to 4 miles South by East of Chipping-Ongar, and its parish contains 430 souls, and 1656 acres of land.

Kelvedon Hall, a neat mansion in a small park, is the seat of J. F. Wright, Esquire, the lord of the Manor of Germains, which was formerly held by the Bolles and other families, but passed to the Wrights about 1540.

An estate and small manor, called Miles, belongs to John Fane, Esquire; and Bryces, or Brizes, and ancient house and estate, is the seat and property of the Misses Dolby, and was anciently held by the Luther and other families.

The Church (St. Nicholas,) stands near the hall, and is a good brick building, with a tiled roof and wooden belfry. In the interior are many monumental memorials of the Wrights, and an epitaph in old French, for Richard de Welleby, in very ancient characters.

The rectory, valued in K.B. at £12, and in 1831 at £400, is now in the patronage of W. H. Ashpitel, Esquire, and incumbency of the Rev. John Bannister, A.M., who has 30A. 3R. 25P. of glebe, and an ancient Rectory House, which has lately been much improved.

The poor have £2. 17s. 6d. a year from Jane Luther's Charity, as noticed with Stapleford Tawney, for distribution in bread. They have also four tenements, and five acres of land, left by the same donor, and now let for £21 10s. per annum, which is distributed on the first Monday in the year; together with a yearly rent of £2.10s. from an acre of land given by an unknown donor, and now lying in the park of the Misses Dolby. These ladies and J. F. Wright, Esquire, usually gladden the hearts of the poor parishioners with large distributions of beef, clothing, etc., at Christmas.

Rev. John Bannister A.M., rector
Thomas Buck, shopkeeper
William Cooper, builder
Misses Dolby, Bryces
Edward Ellinger, blacksmith
Rev. Frederick Fane, B.A.
Charlotte Gandy, miller and victualler, Eagle
Henry George, wheelwright
William Nutt, schoolmaster
John Francis Wright, Esq. Kelvedon Hall

Leonard Baugh (Executors of)
Ann Case
William Horner
William Cooper
John Thomas
John Littlechild

Post Office at William Nutt's - Letters despatched via Ongar, at 5½ evening

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Book cover: Kelvedon Hatch, 1840 - 1920

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Kelvedon Hatch, 1840 - 1920: A Guided Tour

Go on a guided tour of Kelvedon Hatch, Essex, during the 19th and early 20th centuries. With the help of photographs, newspapers, parish records and census returns, the story of each house is revealed, as are the lives of some of their occupants.

It was a parish of many contrasts: from wealthy land-owners living in grand Georgian mansions with numerous servants, to agricultural workers struggling against poverty in overcrowded and dilapidated cottages. Discover how the landscape changed after the common land was enclosed, and how farmers struggled to cope with the agricultural depression. Find out about the role of the parish in WW1 when it was at the front line of Britain's fight against the Zeppelins. See how the new school was established and functioned, and why a new parish church was built. There are stories of crime, bankruptcy, poverty, scandal, revenge, leisure and migration.

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