Ancestors lost in the crowd?
New to family history research?
Perhaps these articles on our website may help:
Census 1841 - 1911
Birth, Death and Marriage Registration
The London Gazette
Articles on the History of Essex, Researching your Ancestors,
and British History
The London Gazette
A look at the London Gazette and how it can help you research your ancestors.
The London Gazette, The Edinburgh Gazette and The Belfast Gazette are published in the United Kingdom and their archives are a useful source of information for finding out about your family history. This article describes a brief history of the Gazettes, where they can be accessed, what they contain, and problems they may raise. The same access information applies to the Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes.
The London Gazette is described as the United Kingdom's oldest continuously published newspaper and is the official newspaper of record for the United Kingdom. First published in 1665 in the reign of Charles II when the Great Plague of London forced the King and his court to move to Oxford, from there the Gazette was published to issue official news of events in the kingdom. Then called the Oxford Gazette, it was changed to London Gazette when the King moved back to London.
For 350 years the Gazette has disseminated Government news, regulatory and legal information, and trade and business news. During its history it has brought official news of the Battles of Trafalgar and Waterloo, the death of Napoleon on St Helena, and the birth of HM Queen Elizabeth II. An example is the Gazette Issue Number 15858 published on the 6 November 1805 bringing the news of the Battle of Trafalgar.
The Edinburgh Gazette and The Belfast Gazette do not date from as early as The London Gazette. The Edinburgh Gazette first published in 1699, but with several breaks, has been published continuously from 1793 to the present day. The Belfast Gazette from 1921. Its forerunner was The Dublin Gazette, first published in 1706, and from 1922 published under the title Iris Oifigiuil.
You may be be interested in the following contents:
- Honours and medals
- Company information
- Bankruptcy and Insolvency announcements
- Naturalisation and aliens
- Civil service appointments
- Military, judicial, government and ecclesiastical appointments
AccessAccess to the The London Gazette and all the other Gazettes is free. First time visitors are recommended to click on the 'First Time User' link to receive guidance on how to search. Carry out a search, select one of the results, and view the original page of the Gazette in a pdf format, which you can then save to your computer.
Problems with the Gazette
The main problems arise from the search engine and the scanning of the material where the quality of the document affects the quality of the indexing. Also there is no standard layout for names, but remember that you can search for addresses, company names, army numbers, ranks. Once you have read a few of the entries you will see the layout of the Gazette and discover many other possible search options.
Another useful source which will can fill out some of the bare-bones of the family history gathered from other sources such as the Census and Civil Registration.